Legend tells us that the city of Rome was established in 152 BC. It?s a fact， however， that by 100 AD， Rome was the center of a vast empire. It ranged from Syria in the east to Spain in the west. It stretched from Britain in the north to Africa in the south. All or part of 27 of today‘s countries were included in the Roman Empire. All of their people were ruled by one government， that of Rome. All educated citizens spoke the same language， Latin. And one of the empire?s many outposts was called Londinium. This unimportant town would later become London， England， and the center of another empire.
The Roman Empire collapsed about 1，5000 years ago. Yet in some ways， it is still with us. Take the letters you are reading fox example. English， like many other languages， uses the Roman alphabet while also borrowing many word. The laws of many European countries are based on ancient Roman laws. Roman ruins are scattered throughout Europe， North Africa， and the Middle East. In some places， Roman roads and water courses are still in use. To this day， and European in North Africa is likely to be called ―Roumi‖—Roman. Even modern place names are often inherited from ancient Rome. Both Greece and Germany bear the names given them by the Romans rather than the names that their own people first called them.
（ ）59. The most northern part of the Roman Empire was _______.
（ ）60. The main idea of paragraph 2 is that Roman culture is ________.
A. dead and buried
B. based completely on language
C. still part of the present
D. unimportant to history
（ ）61. In the days of the Empire， the Roman government was probably _______.
（ ）62. What happened first？
A. Londinium was an outpost
B. The Roman Empire fell apart.
C. The city of Rome was founded.
D. London became the center of an empire.